Application of ultrasound diagnostics in gynaecology
In the field of ultrasound diagnostics, great progress has been made in the last 20-30 years. The benefits of this are also utilized in the field of gynaecology.
Gynaecological ultrasound and pregnancy ultrasound are fundamentally different from each other.
- Gynaecologic ultrasound is a vaginal ultrasound, which allows the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus and cervix to be checked.
- The purpose of ultrasound screening during pregnancy is to monitor foetal development and to screen for certain developmental abnormalities in time.
In the last 20-30 years, technology has come from seeing only patches of the unborn baby to the point where it is now possible to capture both 3D and 4D (moving) images of the foetus.
When justified, a very important test is flowmetry, also known as flow measurement, using a Doppler ultrasound device. With this, the specialist examines whether the foetal oxygen supply and the functioning of the placenta are appropriate, based on the values in the uterine blood vessels, umbilical cord artery, foetal abdominal aorta and cerebral vessels.
Ultrasound is also important in detecting tumours, cysts and benign fibroids. The size, volume and blood supply of these allow us to determine whether we are facing a benign or malignant lesion. In general, tumours have a faster blood flow than, for example, a benign fibroids. For tumours, not only CT and MR can provide information, a lot of data can be provided by a high-quality ultrasound, and sometimes it can even replace CT/MR diagnostics.
Author: Balázs Anga-Kis MD