The big enemy of women: the cystitis
As the spring turns to summer, more and more people are coming with “cystitis” complaint. The wording is not so clear: there are those who have urinary tract infections, while others mean vaginal infections on it. But one thing is certain: the occurring vaginal discomfort, or urination complaint, leads the woman to a gynaecologist or urologist. But what do we mean by it?
Partly infections of the urinary tract and partly of the vagina and cervix, and sometimes the combination of both. The overlap is partly due to the anatomical proximity of the anus, the vaginal opening and the urethral opening. And the seasonal frequency is given by the following: beach, public baths, bikini and swing skirts, more common sex life, hygiene conditions on festivals etc.
Its symptoms are quite varied:
- frequent urinary stimulus,
- painful burning urine,
- pinching, burning feeling even in the vagina,
- lower abdominal pain,
- in severe cases, bloody urine,
- feverish condition,
- lower abdominal and lumbar pain
In most cases, bacteria are responsible for vaginal and urinary tract infections, which often come from our own body, for example, in connection with having sex, due to the transfer of secretions from the rectum, or because of the overturning of the normal flora. Sometimes, however, pathogens come from external sources, for example, they come from a partner, so the right protection is important (use of condoms).
What can we do to prevent complaints?
First of all, pay attention to eliminating predisposing factors:
- drink adequate amounts of fluid (preferably water),
- pay attention to sexual hygiene (sex shall occur with empty bladder, after washing the hands and bathing),
- live a gentle sex life,
- keep in mind that condom is the only method that protects us against sexually transmitted diseases,
- after having sex, if possible, urination and bathing are recommended,
- do not overdo the use of intimate washing lotion,
- do not use irrigators unreasonably,
- avoid using too tight and synthetic underwear,
- do not take medications unreasonably,
- pay attention to that the tampon use is done with a clean hand or by using a tampon applicator
What can we do if the complaints have been developed?
Not everyone gets to the doctor immediately. If the medications that can be purchased without prescription (we can ask for the pharmacist’s help in this) are not enough for complete healing, or the disease comes with strong symptoms (fever, bloody urine, lower abdominal pain), or the complaints are repeated, medical help should be sought. During the medical examination, beyond carefully recording the history, various additional tests – vaginal secretion test and urine culture if necessary – help to set up accurate diagnosis.
The complaint, as I mentioned above, is very common and it is very difficult to navigate in the maze of tests and non-prescription medications, so try to pay attention to avoid complaints and if this is not successful, ask our gynaecologist for help!
In July we offer a 20% discount from the price of a full gynaecological examination, so it is now available for 20.800 HUF. Book an appointment at +36 1 225 0566!
Author: Lilla Pepó MD